Anarchists in the Gulag (and prison and exile)

Bolshevik repression of anarchists after 1917

Archive for the ‘Sources / Links’ Category

Anarcho-syndicalist Rubinchik commemorated in Moscow

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The Last Address (Posledny Adres) is the name of a project started by the Russian “Memorial” Society in 2014 to commemorate victims of state repressions in the Soviet Union. The project, which has now spread to other countries, installs small commemorative plaques on the buildings known as the last residential address
of those arrested. One victim recently honoured in this way was the anarcho-syndicalist Efrem Rubinchik (1892–1938). At a small ceremony on March 25, 2018, a plaque was installed at 20 Smolensky Boulevard, Moscow. In attendance was Andrey Dolginov, a great-grandson of Efrem Rubinchik, who applied for the plaque. The following is a translation of the press release issued by “Memorial” in connection with this event as well as some other materials relating to his case. Notes have been added by the translator [Malcolm Archibald].

 

Read on https://www.katesharpleylibrary.net/z34wgk

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Written by gulaganarchists

28, May 2018 at 6:37 pm

Posted in Sources / Links, Texts

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Portrait of the artist as a wanted man (on Peter the Painter/ Jānis Žāklis)

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A review of Philip Ruff’s A Towering Flame : The Life & Times of ‘Peter the Painter’ is up on the KSL site at https://www.katesharpleylibrary.net/6t1h62

“Philip Ruff has been looking for the truth about Peter the Painter since 1986, off and on. When he started, there was still a Soviet Union and he had to interview the KGB (rather than the other way round) about the Latvian revolutionary movement. Over the years, Ruff has searched archives and tracked down relatives of those involved around the world….”

Don’t forget, while you’re there, to check out the account of Latvian anarchists in Moscow in 1917-18 https://www.katesharpleylibrary.net/12jmqx

Written by gulaganarchists

23, April 2018 at 7:56 am

Death of a Comrade [Anastasia Ryzhukova]

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Little is known about the participation of women in the Russian-American anarchist movement, which reached a peak membership of 12,000 in 1919. The following obituary from the New York weekly Amerikanskiye Izvestiya [American News] tells of the life of one such woman.

… read the article at https://www.katesharpleylibrary.net/gthvm7

Written by gulaganarchists

8, February 2018 at 8:01 pm

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Boris Klichevsky: A Letter from Tashkent (1925)

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In 1925 the anarchist Boris Klichevsky, exiled in Soviet Turkestan, wrote a letter to his old comrade Mark Mrachny in Berlin, reporting on the condition of repressed anarchists in the USSR. Klichevsky was a starosta, literally an “elder,” for the community of anarchist exiles in the city of Tashkent. This was an elected position which entitled Klichevsky to negotiate with the Soviet authorities on behalf of his fellow-exiles, and also gave him access to information about anarchist exiles and prisoners at other locations. Mrachny prepared a typescript of the letter which is now preserved in the International Institute for Social History (Senya Fléchine Papers: Folder 47, pp. 130-132). A heavily edited version was published in English translation in the Bulletin of the Joint Committee for the Defense of Revolutionists Imprisoned in Russia (November-December 1925) as an anonymous letter.

One remarkable feature of Russian anarchism has always been its ability to regenerate itself under the most adverse conditions. As Klichevsky’s letters shows, there was a new wave of young people coming into the movement, people who were too young to take part in the revolutions of 1905 and 1917. Despite being indoctrinated in the Komsomol (Communist Youth) or even the Party itself, these people, from all walks of life, gravitated to anarchism.

The letter has been translated and annotated by Malcolm Archibald. Read it at: https://www.katesharpleylibrary.net/w6mbrb

Written by gulaganarchists

12, December 2017 at 9:47 am

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The Anarchist Movement in Ukraine at the Height of the New Economic Policy (1924-25)

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The Anarchist Movement in Ukraine at the Height of the New Economic Policy (1924-25)
Viktor Savchenko

Abstract

This paper examines a virtually unknown period of the development of the anarchist movement in Ukraine, ignored by both Soviet and post-Soviet historians, for whom the history of anarchism in the Soviet Union ended in 1921. The author,basing his information on archival materials,including the archives of the Soviet secret police agencies (ChK, GPU, OGPU), extends the life of the anarchist movement through the mid-1920s. This was a period of revitalization of the movement, especially among students, young workers, and the unemployed in the cities of Eastern and Southern Ukraine (Kharkiv, Kyiv, Odesa, Dnipropetrovsk, and Poltava). Despite repression by the government, the anarchist movement in the USSR in the 1920s was able to sustain itself by going underground.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21226/T2CK78

Go and read it!

Written by gulaganarchists

24, September 2017 at 4:46 pm

Aron Baron in Samarovo 1911

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New piece with a little on Aron Baron’s Siberian exile (1911-12) before his escape to the USA. See https://www.katesharpleylibrary.net/cnp6tq

Written by gulaganarchists

22, August 2017 at 9:23 am

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History of Anarchist Emigration: Prospects for New Research

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On May 19 2017 a round table on the “History of Anarchist Emigration: Prospects for New Research” will be held at the Solzhenitsyn Centre of Russian Emigré Studies in Moscow.

It looks like an interesting series of reports on Russian anarchists outside of Russia. More details in the attached pdf: History of Russian Emigration

[Thanks to MA]

Written by gulaganarchists

15, May 2017 at 7:16 pm

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