Anarchists in the Gulag (and prison and exile)

Bolshevik repression of anarchists after 1917

Archive for the ‘Sources / Links’ Category

Boris Klichevsky: A Letter from Tashkent (1925)

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In 1925 the anarchist Boris Klichevsky, exiled in Soviet Turkestan, wrote a letter to his old comrade Mark Mrachny in Berlin, reporting on the condition of repressed anarchists in the USSR. Klichevsky was a starosta, literally an “elder,” for the community of anarchist exiles in the city of Tashkent. This was an elected position which entitled Klichevsky to negotiate with the Soviet authorities on behalf of his fellow-exiles, and also gave him access to information about anarchist exiles and prisoners at other locations. Mrachny prepared a typescript of the letter which is now preserved in the International Institute for Social History (Senya Fléchine Papers: Folder 47, pp. 130-132). A heavily edited version was published in English translation in the Bulletin of the Joint Committee for the Defense of Revolutionists Imprisoned in Russia (November-December 1925) as an anonymous letter.

One remarkable feature of Russian anarchism has always been its ability to regenerate itself under the most adverse conditions. As Klichevsky’s letters shows, there was a new wave of young people coming into the movement, people who were too young to take part in the revolutions of 1905 and 1917. Despite being indoctrinated in the Komsomol (Communist Youth) or even the Party itself, these people, from all walks of life, gravitated to anarchism.

The letter has been translated and annotated by Malcolm Archibald. Read it at: https://www.katesharpleylibrary.net/w6mbrb

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Written by gulaganarchists

12, December 2017 at 9:47 am

Posted in Sources / Links, Texts

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The Anarchist Movement in Ukraine at the Height of the New Economic Policy (1924-25)

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The Anarchist Movement in Ukraine at the Height of the New Economic Policy (1924-25)
Viktor Savchenko

Abstract

This paper examines a virtually unknown period of the development of the anarchist movement in Ukraine, ignored by both Soviet and post-Soviet historians, for whom the history of anarchism in the Soviet Union ended in 1921. The author,basing his information on archival materials,including the archives of the Soviet secret police agencies (ChK, GPU, OGPU), extends the life of the anarchist movement through the mid-1920s. This was a period of revitalization of the movement, especially among students, young workers, and the unemployed in the cities of Eastern and Southern Ukraine (Kharkiv, Kyiv, Odesa, Dnipropetrovsk, and Poltava). Despite repression by the government, the anarchist movement in the USSR in the 1920s was able to sustain itself by going underground.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21226/T2CK78

Go and read it!

Written by gulaganarchists

24, September 2017 at 4:46 pm

Aron Baron in Samarovo 1911

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New piece with a little on Aron Baron’s Siberian exile (1911-12) before his escape to the USA. See https://www.katesharpleylibrary.net/cnp6tq

Written by gulaganarchists

22, August 2017 at 9:23 am

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History of Anarchist Emigration: Prospects for New Research

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On May 19 2017 a round table on the “History of Anarchist Emigration: Prospects for New Research” will be held at the Solzhenitsyn Centre of Russian Emigré Studies in Moscow.

It looks like an interesting series of reports on Russian anarchists outside of Russia. More details in the attached pdf: History of Russian Emigration

[Thanks to MA]

Written by gulaganarchists

15, May 2017 at 7:16 pm

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Soviet Secret Police Documents from 1941 (Leningrad) [Anarchist leaflets]

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Three documents about handwritten anarchist leaflets in Leningrad, 1941. Thanks to Malcolm Archibald (and Evaldas Balčiūnas).

Read the files: http://www.katesharpleylibrary.net/hqc107

Written by gulaganarchists

5, April 2017 at 9:03 am

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Special Report from the NKVD: The arrest of Ivan Sergeyevich Gerasimov, 1st of May 1936

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Thanks to Malcolm Archibald (and Evaldas Balčiūnas) we’re able to report this document, about Ivan Sergeyevich Gerasimov, arrested on the 1st of May 1936 “who was intending to take part in a First of May demonstration with anarchist slogans and a black flag.”

more info at: http://www.katesharpleylibrary.net/2rbq0h

 

[nb, updated 5th April with Bio of Gerasimov: Ivan Sergeyevich Gerasimov was born in the Kashinsky district of Tversk province around 1880. From a peasant family, he received only an elementary education. He lived in the town of Kashin, where he worked as a pastry-cook. An anarcho-communist from 1917, he belonged to the Kashin Federation of Anarchists. He was the author of a poem entitled “On the Death of P. A. Kropotkin,” published in the journal Vol’naya zhizn [Free Life] in 1921. [Research by A. V. Dubovik]]

Written by gulaganarchists

2, April 2017 at 4:01 pm

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Two pieces by Dmitry Ivanovich Rublyov

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Two pieces now up up on the Kate Sharpley Library website:

“No anarchist should take … part in this wretched and insane war” A Letter by Saul Yanovsky to Marie Goldsmit in 1915 http://www.katesharpleylibrary.net/h70tb1 and
The Russian Anarchist Movement During the First World War http://www.katesharpleylibrary.net/vhhp52

Written by gulaganarchists

28, December 2016 at 12:33 pm

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