«Революция умерла! Да здравствует революция!»[The Revolution is dead! Long live the revolution!] – Yury Glushakov
Published in 2015, 176 pp, 12 pp of illustrations, paperback.
This book by the Belorussian historian Yury Glushakov is the first important work describing the formation and development of the anarchist movement of the first quarter of the 20th century on the territory of the regions which now comprise the Republic of Belarus.
Basing himself on a wide range of sources – archival documents from Belarus and Russia, information in the legal and underground press, memoirs of eye-witnesses, and also the rather scanty researches of historians, – the author traces a lively picture of the stormy social-political life in Grodno, Minsk, Mogilev, Vitebsk and Vilna provinces. It was here around 1902 that the first real anarchist organizations of the Russian Empire appeared, along with other revolutionary tendencies. The book shows the important role played by these organizations, activists, and ideologies in the revolution of 1905–1907, in the inter-revolutionary period, and after the fall of tsarism. Soviet power was not accepted by all the anarchists of Belarus, but their organizational resistance was suppressed by the second half of the 1920s.
On the pages of the book pass hundreds, if not thousands of personalities – inhabitants of cities, towns, villages and even aristocratic estates, which were fated to live under conditions of constant violence, war, strikes, lock-outs, pogroms, armed uprisings, expropriations and “Stolypin neckties”. The author investigates in detail the ideological transformations of anarchism and hybrid tendencies such as the Makhaevists or SR-Maximalists during the period when they played an important political role. He analyzes the conditions which allowed the anarchists to attract the masses to their side, and uncovers the reasons why their selfless struggle did not lead to the establishment of an stateless society. Among those reasons were the reliance on militancy, which led to duels between the revolutionaries and the authorities; and also the drastic changes in social and economic circumstances, cutting the ground from under them.
Translated from https://slovosleva.wordpress.com/2015/01/26/hlusakou/